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# Vector Decomposition Calculator Online

Vector decomposition is the process of breaking down a vector into its component parts. These components usually represent the vector in terms of its horizontal and vertical aspects relative to a predefined coordinate system. The Vector Decomposition Calculator facilitates this by converting a vector’s magnitude and direction into its x and y components. This conversion is instrumental in fields such as physics, engineering, and computer science, where it aids in the analysis and solution of problems involving force, motion, and vectors in multiple dimensions.

## Formula of Vector Decomposition Calculator

To accomplish the task of vector decomposition, the calculator employs a straightforward mathematical formula:

Where:

• `Vx` is the x-component of the vector,
• `Vy` is the y-component of the vector,
• `∣V∣` is the magnitude of the vector,
• `θ` is the angle between the vector and the x-axis.

This formula is pivotal in dissecting a vector into its horizontal and vertical components, enabling further analysis or application in various scientific calculations.

## Example of Vector Decomposition Calculator

Consider a vector with a magnitude of 5 units and an angle of 30 degrees from the x-axis. To decompose this vector into its x and y components, apply the formula:

Vx = 5 * cos(30°) ≈ 4.33 units
Vy = 5 * sin(30°) ≈ 2.5 units