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Marginal Profit Function Calculator Online

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The Marginal Profit Function Calculator computes the additional profit earned from the sale of an extra unit of a product. By providing the total revenue and total cost functions, this calculator helps businesses identify the optimal production level to maximize profits. It simplifies complex calculations, saving time and ensuring accuracy.

Formula of Marginal Profit Function Calculator

To calculate the marginal profit, follow these steps:

Profit Function (P):

Profit (P) is calculated as: P(x) = R(x) - C(x)

where: R(x) is the total revenue function C(x) is the total cost function x is the number of units produced and sold

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Marginal Profit Function (MP):

The marginal profit function is the derivative of the profit function with respect to x: MP(x) = dP(x) / dx

Given that the profit function P(x) is the difference between revenue and cost, the marginal profit function can be written as: MP(x) = d[R(x) - C(x)] / dx

Since differentiation is linear, this simplifies to: MP(x) = dR(x) / dx - dC(x) / dx

Therefore: MP(x) = MR(x) - MC(x)

where: MR(x) is the marginal revenue function, the derivative of the total revenue function MC(x) is the marginal cost function, the derivative of the total cost function

Example of Marginal Profit Function Calculator

Let's consider a practical example to illustrate how to use the Marginal Profit Function Calculator.

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Suppose a company produces and sells a product, and the total revenue function is R(x) = 100x - 0.5x^2 and the total cost function is C(x) = 20x + 0.2x^2.

  1. Calculate the marginal revenue MR(x): MR(x) = d(100x - 0.5x^2) / dx = 100 - x
  2. Calculate the marginal cost MC(x): MC(x) = d(20x + 0.2x^2) / dx = 20 + 0.4x
  3. Calculate the marginal profit MP(x): MP(x) = MR(x) - MC(x) = (100 - x) - (20 + 0.4x) = 80 - 1.4x

Therefore, the marginal profit function is MP(x) = 80 - 1.4x. This function helps the company determine the additional profit for producing one more unit.

General Terms and Useful Conversions

TermDefinition
Total Revenue (R)The total income from sales of products.
Total Cost (C)The total expense incurred in production.
Marginal Revenue (MR)The additional revenue from selling one more unit.
Marginal Cost (MC)The additional cost of producing one more unit.
Profit (P)The difference between total revenue and total cost.
Marginal Profit (MP)The additional profit from producing one more unit.

Most Common FAQs

Q2: How can the Marginal Profit Function Calculator help in decision-making?

The calculator simplifies complex calculations, providing accurate results quickly. This enables businesses to make informed decisions about production levels, pricing, and resource allocation.

Q3: Can the Marginal Profit Function Calculator be use for any type of product?

Yes, the calculator can be use for any product as long as the total revenue and total cost functions are known. It is a versatile tool applicable across various industries.

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